English pronunciation explanation
四展厅 (The Fourth Exhibition Hall)
In the 8 years, more than 1,200 people were imprisoned in Xifeng Concentration Camp, but only less than 100 people survived. Next, we are going to introduce several survivors.
这位就是《红岩》小说中疯老头华子良的生活原型韩子栋，山东阳谷县人， 1933年加入中国共产党， 1934年被叛徒出卖被捕，关入南京新监，后随南京新监经武汉、益阳南迁到息烽集中营。1946年转重庆关押，在狱中因为装疯卖傻，所以党员身份没有暴露。1947年他利用一次买菜的机会从重庆瓷器口成功逃出，解放后曾任贵阳市委副书记、贵州省政协常委、副秘书长等职。1992年因病去世，享年84岁。
This is Han Zidong, the prototype of the character Hua Ziliang, the crazy old man in the novelRed Crag. He came from Yanggu County, Shandong, and joined the CPC in 1933. In 1934, he was betrayed by traitors and arrested. He was first put in the new prison in Nanjing, and then transferred southward to Xifeng Concentration Camp via Wuhan and Yiyang. In 1946, he was transferred to Chongqing. In the prison, he pretended to be insane, so he wasn't recognized as a Party member. In 1947, he successfully escaped from Ciqikou, Chongqi by a chance of buying vegetables. After liberation, he served as vice secretary of Guiyang municipal Party committee, standing committee member and deputy secretary general of Guizhou provincial people's political consultative conference. He died of sickness in 1992 at the age of 84.
Sun Hudong, a famous patriotic democratic personage, once participated in the Northern Expedition and then engaged in promoting soldiers’ movement for a long time in Sichuan, Guizhou, and Hunan. He was wanted as a Party member by the KMT and put in prison many times. In 1941, he was arrested again and imprisoned in Xifeng Concentration Camp. In 1947, he continued instigating rebellion in the KMT's army after he was released on bail. After liberation, he served as head of the Department of Civil Affairs of the Western Administrative Office of Sichuan Province, deputy secretary general of provincial Ethnic Affairs Commission, etc.
Xu Baozhi, Sun Hudong's wife, was arrested together with her husband, and imprisoned in “Righteousness Room” of the Xifeng Concentration Camp. Later, she was released on bail together with her husband.
Sun Dameng, Sun Hudong's daughter, was born in the prison after her mother Xu Baozhi was arrested. She spent her whole childhood in prison and was called "the flower of prison" by fellow prisoners. She was Little Turnip Head’s playmate in prison. At the age of 6, she was released together with her parents. When grew up, she became a researcher in Chengdu Institute of Biology, and has retired now.
Li Renfu, native to Hubei Province, who had studied in Japan, was the secretary of the patriotic general Li Jishen. He was arrested for engaging in the activities against Chiang Kai-shek, and imprisoned in Xifeng Concentration Camp. He was released in 1946. After the PRC was founded, he served as adviser of advisory office for Wuhan municipal government, Hubei Province. He has passed away.
Wang Pinsan, native to Anhui Province, joined the Red Army in 1930. He was arrested when he was sent by the Party to contact with the office of the Eighth Route Army in Hankou in September, 1938, and imprisoned in Xifeng Concentration Camp. In June 1946, he was released on bail. After liberation, he served as director general of Bureau of Public Road, Anhui Province. In 1997, when the Xifeng Concentration Camp Memorial Hall was open to the public, he took part in the opening ceremony in a wheelchair.
Huang Tongguang came from Fujian and later moved to Shijiazhuang. She graduated from Beijing Girls' Middle School. During the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, she organized the North China Anti-Japanese Propaganda Team to promote the resistance against Japanese Aggression all over China. In 1941, she was arrested in Chongqing and imprisoned in "Yi Zhai" of Xifeng Concentration Camp. Being regarded as a "cultured personage", she was appointed to be the accountant of production group. In prison, she and Huang Xiansheng became sworn friends for life or death. In 1945, she was released but she didn’t want to leave Huang Xiansheng behind. Therefore, she stayed there to take care of him. In 1946, Huang Xiansheng was transferred to Bai Mansion. She then went to Chongqing and rented a house near Bai Mansion to continue taking care of Huang. In addition, she tried very hard to rescue him but failed. After Huang Xiansheng was killed, she found his body and buried him. In 1951, she escorted Huang's coffin to Beijing and buried him there. After liberation, she worked in the Southwestern Supreme People’s Court, Ministry of Public Security, etc. Now, she lives in Nantong, Jiangsu Province.
Lu Duoyun, a classmate of Huang Tongguang's, organized the North China Anti-Japanese Propaganda Team and was arrested together with Huang Tongguang. He was released in 1945.
Hou Renmin, from Qingdao, Shandong, was a legendary figure. To seek for the way to fight against Japanese invaders and save China, he attended the 13thterm of the Huangpu Military Academy. After graduation, he served as platoon leader of military police in Zunyi. In 1943, he was arrested for helping his friend Ji Ying's husband--a secret Party member in Zunyi escape from prison, and imprisoned in Xifeng Concentration Camp. Enlightened and educated by Party members such as Zhang Luping in prison, he made rapid progress ideologically. In March 1945, he was released from prison and returned to Qingdao. His elder brother Hou Weimin worked for Qingdao secret municipal Party committee at that time. Under his brother's help, he participated in the Party's work in Liaocheng. In 1947, he joined the CPC. The Bureau of Investigation and Statistics might have never thought that a platoon leader of military police would become a Party member influenced by the Party members in Xifeng Concentration Camp. After liberation, he worked all along in Qingdao's Public Security Bureau. In 1997, he returned to Xifeng to attend the opening ceremony of the Xifeng Concentration Camp Memorial Hall. Now he has already passed away.
Liu Qian, from Yunnan, was arrested in Guiyang for reading revolutionary books and imprisoned in Xifeng Concentration Camp. In 1946, having been released from prison, he returned to Kunming to participate in the revolution. In 1948, he joined the CPC. After liberation, he served as secretary general of administrative office and director general of tax bureau of Simao, Yunnan Province. Now he has already passed away.
Zhou Kezheng, a secret Party member, served as the acting president ofPeople's News Agencyled by the CPC in 1940. In March 1940, he was arrested and imprisoned in Xifeng Concentration Camp. Having been rescued from prison in 1946, he was sent by the Party to engage in secret work in Hong Kong. He once participated in organizing to escort a large number of people of cultural circles to the liberated area via Hong Kong. After the PRC was founded, he worked in the Central Investigation Department. He died of sickness in 1980 in Beijing. Kang Keqing and others attended his memorial meeting.
This is the inscription made by Mao Zedong for the martyrs.
This is the inscription made by Premier Li Peng of the State Council on July 18th, 1997 when he visited the Xifeng Concentration Camp Revolutionary History Memorial Hall.
Party and state leaders including Li Peng, Wu Bangguo, Zeng Qinghong, Wu Guanzheng, Xi Jinping, Luo Gan, Yang Rudai, Zhou Guangzhao, Caozhi and other leaders of the Central Committee successively came to visit the Xifeng Concentration Camp Revolutionary History Memorial Hall. They spoke highly of the Memorial Hall's important role in terms of education in patriotism.
In March, 1998, during the NPC and CPPCC held in Beijing, Guizhou provincial committee of the CPC and provincial government held the exhibition of stories of heroes and martyrs in Xifeng Concentration Camp themed inThe Flame Never Extinguishes. Ding Guan’gen and Li Tieying, members of the Politburo of the CPC, attended the opening ceremony and visited the exhibition. During the 15 days of exhibition, more than 200,000 people from Beijing visited here. The news media of Beijing reported the exhibition and CCTV made an exclusive interview.
Offspring of martyrs in Beijing including Yang Zhengmin, Yang Zhengmei, Song Zhenyong, etc. also visited the exhibition and were interviewed by the media.
To remember this part of history and educate later generations, on January 13th, 1988, the State Council announced that the former site of Xifeng Concentration Camp was a key national protected historic site.
In April, 1997, Guiyang municipal committee of the CPC and municipal government announced that theXifeng Concentration Camp Revolutionary History Memorial Hallwas the Patriotic Education Base in Guiyang.
On May 29th, 1997, the former site of Xifeng Concentration Camp was restored and was open to the public. In October, it was announced as the Patriotic Education Base of Guizhou Province by Guizhou provincial committee of the CPC and provincial people's government.
In June, 2001, Xifeng Concentration Camp Revolutionary History Memorial Hall was announced as a National Demonstration Base of Education in Patriotism by the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the CPC.
In February 2005, Xifeng Concentration Camp Revolutionary History Memorial Hall was announced as one of the 100 Classic Scenic Areas for Red Tourism by 13 state ministries and commissions including the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the CPC, the National Development and Reform Committee, and National Tourism Administration, etc.
Since it was open to the public on May 29th, 1997, to give better play to it as a Patriotic Education Base,People’s Bank of China, Guizhou Branch under People’s Bank of China, Dalian municipal committee of the CPC and people’s government, Organization Department of Guizhou provincial committee of the CPC, Commercial Bank of Guiyang, etc. successively donated money to restore many facilities at the former site of Xifeng Concentration Camp.
In 2003, Guiyang municipal committee of the CPC, municipal people’s government and the Central Civilization Office raised special fund to rebuild this multifunctional exhibition hall.
From 2003 to 2004, Xifeng County sent specially-assigned persons to collect historical records of Xifeng Concentration Camp all over China. They successively came to more than 30 cities, districts, and counties of 12 provinces, covering a distance of thousands of kilometers. They collected a large number of precious revolutionary historical relics and materials, which enriched the content of exhibition and research.